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日本西南部山阴地区地震地壳活动的季节性变化

T. Ueda A. Kato 任家琪 李万金

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日本西南部山阴地区地震地壳活动的季节性变化

  • 摘要: 越来越多的证据表明,在各种构造环境中地震活动存在季节性变化。识别地震活动的周期变化能增进我们对地震触发物理机制的理解。我们使用一种采用基于概率去丛集程序导出不确定性的新方法,探讨了日本西南部山阴地区的地壳地震活动的季节性变化。我们确定了背景地震活动率的半年变化,即从1980~2017年期间地震活动率在春秋两季的增长统计是显著的。历史和现代大地震的频率分布显示出与近期背景地震活动相似的模式,这表明山阴地区的地震活动存在季节性变化已经有150多年。这些观测现象可以通过秋季降水和春季融雪引起地表质量下降从而导致断裂带内孔隙压力增大来解释。
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日本西南部山阴地区地震地壳活动的季节性变化

摘要: 越来越多的证据表明,在各种构造环境中地震活动存在季节性变化。识别地震活动的周期变化能增进我们对地震触发物理机制的理解。我们使用一种采用基于概率去丛集程序导出不确定性的新方法,探讨了日本西南部山阴地区的地壳地震活动的季节性变化。我们确定了背景地震活动率的半年变化,即从1980~2017年期间地震活动率在春秋两季的增长统计是显著的。历史和现代大地震的频率分布显示出与近期背景地震活动相似的模式,这表明山阴地区的地震活动存在季节性变化已经有150多年。这些观测现象可以通过秋季降水和春季融雪引起地表质量下降从而导致断裂带内孔隙压力增大来解释。

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