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汶川MS8.0地震后中国四川西部温泉气的地球化学特征

X. C. Zhou W. C. Wang Z. Chen L. Yi L. Liu C. Xie Y. J. Cui J. G. Du J. W. Cheng L. M. Yang 赵霞 潘红芹 吴珍云

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汶川MS8.0地震后中国四川西部温泉气的地球化学特征

  • 摘要: 为了探讨汶川MS8.0地震与温泉气地球化学特征之间的关系,分别在2008年6月、10月和2009年6月对中国西南地区四川西部32处温泉气进行了调查和样品采集,并针对三批次气样中的化学成分和He,Ne,C同位素比值进行了分析。数据显示,龙门山断裂带、鲜水河断裂带和岷江断裂带的温泉气中3He/4He,δ13CCO2含量在汶川大地震发生后明显增加。根据2008年6月测得的3He/4He最大值(7.42×10-6),预估在康定地区有高达62%的地幔氦增加进入到了温泉气中。随着时间的推移,地幔流体对温泉的贡献逐渐减少,但壳源气体,如有机物衍生出的CO2和CH4以及放射生成的He,其成分有所增强。温泉气的地球化学数据表明,在汶川MS8.0地震后,四川西部地区有更多的地幔流体迁移进入地壳中。
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汶川MS8.0地震后中国四川西部温泉气的地球化学特征

摘要: 为了探讨汶川MS8.0地震与温泉气地球化学特征之间的关系,分别在2008年6月、10月和2009年6月对中国西南地区四川西部32处温泉气进行了调查和样品采集,并针对三批次气样中的化学成分和He,Ne,C同位素比值进行了分析。数据显示,龙门山断裂带、鲜水河断裂带和岷江断裂带的温泉气中3He/4He,δ13CCO2含量在汶川大地震发生后明显增加。根据2008年6月测得的3He/4He最大值(7.42×10-6),预估在康定地区有高达62%的地幔氦增加进入到了温泉气中。随着时间的推移,地幔流体对温泉的贡献逐渐减少,但壳源气体,如有机物衍生出的CO2和CH4以及放射生成的He,其成分有所增强。温泉气的地球化学数据表明,在汶川MS8.0地震后,四川西部地区有更多的地幔流体迁移进入地壳中。

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