• ISSN 1003-3238
  • CN 11-2368/P

四维高分辨率活动构造研究

Z. K. Ren O. Zielke J. X. Yu 张丽军 潘家伟

引用本文:
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四维高分辨率活动构造研究

  • 基金项目:

    中国地质调查局项目(DD20190059,DD20160022)和中国地质科学院地质研究所基本科研业务费项目(JYYWF201810)资助

  • 摘要: 自野外调查的开创性论文发表以来,活动构造学已有100多年的历史,但它仍然是构造地质学中一个相对年轻的分支学科。该学科主要研究板块构造运动引起的应变积累和通过发生地震(或其他事件)对应变的释放。也就是说,活动构造旨在描述板块构造的过程。确定地震年代、断层滑动速率和其他常见的活动构造研究目标,极大地加深了我们对断层力学和地壳流变学等方面的理解。地震危险性评估和风险缓解方面的需求进一步推动了对大地震和潜在破坏性地震复发特征的研究。
    活动构造研究中的主要数据来源是地表和浅层地下断裂作用痕迹,两者分别通过地形地貌和地层资料显示。大约在40年前,地质学家开始通过对活动断层错断地层、地貌标志物的野外观察和航空照片解译,建立了地震复发的端元模型。自那以后,特别是在最近20年内,技术的发展极大地提高了地形数据的丰富性和分辨率,增强了对地层单元和地貌面进行定年的能力,这为我们建立更合理的地震复发概念模型奠定了基础。本文对近年来促进活动构造研究不断发展的高分辨率地形数据和测年方法进行了综述。
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出版历程

四维高分辨率活动构造研究

基金项目:  中国地质调查局项目(DD20190059,DD20160022)和中国地质科学院地质研究所基本科研业务费项目(JYYWF201810)资助

摘要: 自野外调查的开创性论文发表以来,活动构造学已有100多年的历史,但它仍然是构造地质学中一个相对年轻的分支学科。该学科主要研究板块构造运动引起的应变积累和通过发生地震(或其他事件)对应变的释放。也就是说,活动构造旨在描述板块构造的过程。确定地震年代、断层滑动速率和其他常见的活动构造研究目标,极大地加深了我们对断层力学和地壳流变学等方面的理解。地震危险性评估和风险缓解方面的需求进一步推动了对大地震和潜在破坏性地震复发特征的研究。
活动构造研究中的主要数据来源是地表和浅层地下断裂作用痕迹,两者分别通过地形地貌和地层资料显示。大约在40年前,地质学家开始通过对活动断层错断地层、地貌标志物的野外观察和航空照片解译,建立了地震复发的端元模型。自那以后,特别是在最近20年内,技术的发展极大地提高了地形数据的丰富性和分辨率,增强了对地层单元和地貌面进行定年的能力,这为我们建立更合理的地震复发概念模型奠定了基础。本文对近年来促进活动构造研究不断发展的高分辨率地形数据和测年方法进行了综述。

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