• ISSN 1003-3238
  • CN 11-2368/P

汶川-芦山地震之间地震空区及邻区的微震时空分布特征及指示意义

C. L. Wang C. T. Liang K. Deng Y. L. Huang L. Zhou 王朝亮 梁春涛

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汶川-芦山地震之间地震空区及邻区的微震时空分布特征及指示意义

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(41674059,41340009)项目资助

  • 摘要: 在龙门山西南段,汶川和芦山两次地震之间地震空区产生的物理机制及其未来的地震活动性仍然是亟需进一步研究的问题。现有研究结果也无法完全解释地震空区挤压应变/应力的调节模式。我们使用Match and Locate方法获取了2015年5月至12月时段内空区及邻区的详细的背景地震目录,完备性震级为Mc=0.2,微震的时空分布特征凸显了小震级事件的丛集(簇)特征。在深度域上,微震在空区两端的优势深度存在明显差异,南端深于北端,表明空区作为汶川和芦山两次地震破裂的转换带。我们的微震探测结果表明空区存在明显的微震"亏空",否定了其通过微地震释放累积应力的调节模式。我们发现该区域内,不同震级范围内的背景地震活动性都与降雨变化率存在明显的反相关关系。在夏、秋季节,地震活动性极值滞后于降水极值1~2个月,库仑模型计算表明增强的地震活动性很可能被浅地表含水量的减少所触发,季节性降水在一定程度上调节了背景地震活动性。相较于震级大于3.0的背景地震,背景微震对降水的变化具有更敏感的响应,这可能由其更短的起始周期所致。
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出版历程

汶川-芦山地震之间地震空区及邻区的微震时空分布特征及指示意义

基金项目:  国家自然科学基金(41674059,41340009)项目资助

摘要: 在龙门山西南段,汶川和芦山两次地震之间地震空区产生的物理机制及其未来的地震活动性仍然是亟需进一步研究的问题。现有研究结果也无法完全解释地震空区挤压应变/应力的调节模式。我们使用Match and Locate方法获取了2015年5月至12月时段内空区及邻区的详细的背景地震目录,完备性震级为Mc=0.2,微震的时空分布特征凸显了小震级事件的丛集(簇)特征。在深度域上,微震在空区两端的优势深度存在明显差异,南端深于北端,表明空区作为汶川和芦山两次地震破裂的转换带。我们的微震探测结果表明空区存在明显的微震"亏空",否定了其通过微地震释放累积应力的调节模式。我们发现该区域内,不同震级范围内的背景地震活动性都与降雨变化率存在明显的反相关关系。在夏、秋季节,地震活动性极值滞后于降水极值1~2个月,库仑模型计算表明增强的地震活动性很可能被浅地表含水量的减少所触发,季节性降水在一定程度上调节了背景地震活动性。相较于震级大于3.0的背景地震,背景微震对降水的变化具有更敏感的响应,这可能由其更短的起始周期所致。

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